Core Faculty

David Dunand

David Dunand

James N. and Margie M. Krebs Professor of Materials Science and Engineering

Co-Director, Initiative for Sustainability and Energy at Northwestern (ISEN)

2220 Campus Drive

Cook Hall 2036

Evanston, IL 60208

dunand( at )northwestern.edu

Education

Ph.D. Metallurgy, MIT, Cambridge, MA

B.S., M.S. Materials Engineering, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland

Research Interests

Physical and Mechanical Metallurgy of Multiphase Metallic Materials

My research focuses on metallic alloys, composites, and foams, with particular emphasis on measuring and modeling their mechanical properties. Three main families of materials are being investigated:

1. Dispersion-strengthened metals: aluminum with Al3X (X=Sc, Ti, Zr, Li, rare-earth elements) nano-size precipitates, for energy-efficient transportation, nickel and cobalt-base superalloys with L12 precipitates, and iron-base ferritic superalloys with B2 precipitates.

2.  Metallic foams:

  •       Foams based on titanium (Ti, Ti-6Al-4V) and nickel for aerospace or implant implications;
  •       Foams from shape-memory alloys (Ni-Ti, Ni-Mn-Ga) for biomedical implants or actuators;
  •       Fe- or Ni-based foams for fuel-cell interconnects and heat exchanger;
  •       Zr-based amorphous alloy foams for armor and other high-stregnth applications;
  •       Cu and Ni foams for electrodes in energy applications
  •       Au foams with nano-size porosity for catalysis.


An additional area of study is the use of synchrotron X-ray radiation to study strains, phase composition and texture in battery materials, structural composites, archeological alloys, and biomineralized materials (bone and tooth).

Significant Recognition

  • Minerals Metals and Materials Society Structural Materials Division Distinguished Scientist/Engineering Award, 2008
  • Fellow, ASM International, 2007
  • Department Teacher of the Year, 1998

Significant Professional Service

  • James and Margie Krebs Professorship, 2005-present
  • Visiting professor, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland), spring 2000
  • Member, editorial board of Revue de Metallurgie, 1998-present
  • Member, editorial board, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions, 1998-present
  • Member, user group executive committee, Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, 1998-00
  • AMAX career development chair, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1991-96
  • Visiting professor, École Nationale de Chimie (France), summer 1994

Selected Publications

  • Dunand, David C.; Cox, Marie E., “Anisotropic mechanical properties of amorphous Zr-based foams with aligned, elongated pores”, Acta Materialia, (2013)
  • Chen-Wiegart, Yu-Chen Karen; Dunand, David C.; Wang, Steve; McNulty, Ian, “Effect of Ag-Au composition and acid concentration on dealloying front velocity and cracking during nanoporous gold formation”, Acta Materialia, (2013)
  • Chen-Wiegart, Yu-Chen Karen; Dunand, David C.; Voorhees, Peter W.; Wang, Steve; Lee, Wah-Keat, “In situ imaging of dealloying during nanoporous gold formation by transmission X-ray microscopy”, Acta Materialia, (2013)
  • Dunand, David C.; Witherspoon, Cassie; Zheng, Peiqi; Chmielus, Markus; Vogel, Sven C., “Texture and training of magnetic shape memory foam”, Acta Materialia, (2013)
  • Brinson, L. Catherine; Singhal, Anjali; Yuan, Fang; Almer, Jonathan D.; Dunand, David C., “Evolution of phase strains during tensile loading of bovine cortical bone”, Advanced Engineering Materials, (2013)
  • Singhal, Anjali; Almer, Jonathan D.; Dunand, David C.; Stock, Stuart R., “Effect of cyclic loading on the nanoscale deformation of hydroxyapatite and collagen fibrils in bovine bone”, Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, (2013)
  • Brinson, L. Catherine; Deymier-Black, Alix C.; Singhal, Anjali; Yuan, Fang; Almer, Jonathan D., “Effect of high-energy X-ray irradiation on creep mechanisms in bone and dentin”, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, (2013)
  • Dunand, David C.; Guan, Zhi-Ping, “Compressive creep behavior of cast Bi 2 Te 3”, Materials Science and Engineering A, (2013)
  • Deymier-Black, Alix C.; Singhal, Anjali; Almer, Jonathan D.; Dunand, David C., “Effect of stress and temperature on the micromechanics of creep in highly irradiated bone and dentin”, Materials Science and Engineering C, (2013)
  • Dunand, David C.; Cox, Marie E., “Acoustic Emission Analysis of Damage during Compressive Deformation of Amorphous Zr-Based Foams with Aligned, Elongated Pores”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, (2013)
  • Dunand, David C.; Seidman, David N.; Bocchini, Peter J.; Lass, Eric A.; Moon, Kil-Won, “Atom-probe tomographic study of ?/?? interfaces and compositions in an aged Co-Al-W superalloy”, Scripta Materialia, (2013)
  • Brinson, L.C.; Deymier-Black, A.C.; Yuan, F.; Singhal, A.; Almer, J.D., “Evolution of load transfer between hydroxyapatite and collagen during creep deformation of bone”, Acta Biomaterialia, (2012)
  • Dunand, David C.; Seidman, David N.; Vo, Nhon Q., “Atom probe tomographic study of a friction-stir-processed Al-Mg-Sc alloy”, Acta Materialia, (2012)
  • Dunand, D.C.; Wolverton, C.; Booth-Morrison, C.; Mao, Z.; Diaz, M., “Role of silicon in accelerating the nucleation of Al 3 (Sc,Zr) precipitates in dilute Al-Sc-Zr alloys”, Acta Materialia, (2012)
  • Chen-Wiegart, Yu-Chen Karen; Dunand, David C.; Voorhees, Peter W.; Wang, Steve; McNulty, Ian, “Structural evolution of nanoporous gold during thermal coarsening”, Acta Materialia, (2012)
  • Dunand, David C.; Ye, Bing; Matsen, Marc R., “Finite-element modeling of titanium powder densification”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, (2012)
  • Almer, J. D.; Dunand, D. C.; Singhal, A.; Deymier-Black, A. C., “Effect of x-ray radiation on the elastic strain evolution in the mineral phase of bovine bone under creep and load-free conditions”, Acta Biomaterialia, (2012)
  • A. Singhal, J. D. Almer and D. C. Dunand, “Variability in the nanoscale deformation of hydroxyapatite during compressive loading in bovine bone”, Acta biomaterialia, (2012)
  • C. Booth-Morrison, D. N. Seidman and D. C. Dunand, “Effect of Er additions on ambient and high-temperature strength of precipitation-strengthened Al-Zr-Sc-Si alloys”, Acta Materialia, (2012)
  • A. C. Deymier-Black, J. D. Almer, S. R. Stock and D. C. Dunand, “Variability in the elastic properties of bovine dentin at multiple length scales”, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, (2012)
  • M. E. Cox, L. J. Kecskes, S. N. Mathaudhu and D. C. Dunand, “Amorphous Hf-based foams with aligned, elongated pores”, Materials Science and Engineering a-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing, (2012)
  • M. E. Krug, D. N. Seidman and D. C. Dunand, “Creep properties and precipitate evolution in Al-Li alloys microalloyed with Sc and Yb”, Materials Science and Engineering a-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing, (2012)
  • Dunand, D. C.; DeFouw, J. D., “Processing and Compressive Creep of Cast Replicated IN792 Ni-base Superalloy Foams”, Materials Science and Engineering: A, (2012)
  • M. L. Young, J. D. DeFouw, J. Frenzel and D. C. Dunand, “Cast-Replicated NiTiCu Foams with Superelastic Properties”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions a-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, (2012)
  • C. Booth-Morrison, D. C. Dunand and D. N. Seidman, “Coarsening resistance at 400 degrees C of precipitation-strengthened Al-Zr-Sc-Er alloys”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • Dunand, D.C.; Seidman, D.N.; Booth-Morrison, C., “Coarsening resistance at 400 C of precipitation-strengthened Al-Zr-Sc-Er alloys”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • M. E. van Dalen, T. Gyger, D. C. Dunand and D. N. Seidman, “Effects of Yb and Zr microalloying additions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of dilute Al-Sc alloys”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • M. E. Van Dalen, D. C. Dunand and D. N. Seidman, “Microstructural evolution and creep properties of precipitation-strengthened Al-0.06Sc-0.02Gd and Al-0.06Sc-0.02Yb (at.%) alloys”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • M. E. Krug and D. C. Dunand, “Modeling the creep threshold stress due to climb of a dislocation in the stress field of a misfitting precipitate”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • Dunand, DC; Almer, JD; Brinson, LC; Deymier-Black, AC; Yuan, F., “Evolution of Load Transfer between Hydroxyapatite and Collagen during Creep Deformation of Bone”, Acta Biomaterialia, (2011)
  • AJ Neurohr;DC Dunand, “Shape-memory NiTi with two-dimensional networks of micro-channels”, Acta Biomaterialia, (2011)
  • KE Knipling;DN Seidman;DC Dunand, “Ambient- and high-temperature mechanical properties of isochronally aged Al-0.06Sc, Al-0.06Zr and Al-0.06Sc-0.06Zr (at.%) alloys”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • C Monachon;ME Krug;DN Seidman;DC Dunand, “Chemistry and structure of core/double-shell nanoscale precipitates in Al-6.5Li-0.07Sc-0.02Yb (at.%)”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • Dunand, D.C.; Seidman, D.N.; Booth-Morrison, C., “Coarsening resistance at 400° C of precipitation-strengthened Al-Zr-Sc-Er alloys”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • XX Zhang;C Witherspoon;P Mullner;DC Dunand, “Effect of pore architecture on magnetic-field-induced strain in polycrystalline Ni-Mn-Ga”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • ME Krug;DC Dunand;DN Seidman, “Effects of Li additions on precipitation-strengthened Al-Sc and Al-Sc-Yb alloys”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • Anselm J. Neurohr;David C. Dunand, “Mechanical anisotropy of shape-memory NiTi with two-dimensional networks of micro-channels”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • JC Li;DC Dunand, “Mechanical properties of directionally freeze-cast titanium foams”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • Dunand, D.C.; Seidman, D.N.; Van Dalen, M.E., “Microstructural evolution and creep properties of precipitation-strengthened Al?0.06 Sc?0.02 Gd and Al?0.06 Sc?0.02 Yb (at.%) alloys”, Acta materialia, (2011)
  • DJ Jorgensen;DC Dunand, “Structure and mechanical properties of Ti-6Al-4V with a replicated network of elongated pores”, Acta Materialia, (2011)
  • A Bansiddhi;DC Dunand, “Niobium Wires as Space Holder and Sintering Aid for Porous NiTi”, Advanced Engineering Materials, (2011)
  • DC Dunand;P Mullner, “Size Effects on Magnetic Actuation in Ni-Mn-Ga Shape-Memory Alloys”, Advanced Materials, (2011)
  • F Yuan;SR Stock;DR Haeffner;JD Almer;DC Dunand;LC Brinson, “A new model to simulate the elastic properties of mineralized collagen fibril”, Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, (2011)
  • Carlo Paolo Sasso;Peiqi Zheng;Vittorio Basso;Peter Muellner;David C. Dunand, “Enhanced field induced martensitic phase transition and magnetocaloric effect in Ni(55)Mn(20)Ga(25) metallic foams”, Intermetallics, (2011)
  • Matthew L. Chastain;Alix C. Deymier-Black;John E. Kelly;James A. Brown;David C. Dunand, “Metallurgical analysis of copper artifacts from Cahokia”, Journal of Archaeological Science, (2011)
  • Ampika Bansiddhi;David C. Dunand, “Processing of NiTi Foams by Transient Liquid Phase Sintering”, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, (2011)
  • Bing Ye;Marc R. Matsen;David C. Dunand, “Blended elemental powder densification of Ti-6Al-4V by hot pressing”, Journal of Materials Research, (2011)
  • Ian M. Robertson;Christopher A. Schuh;John S. Vetrano;Nigel D. Browning;David P. Field;Dorte Juul Jensen;Michael K. Miller;Ian Baker;David C. Dunand;Rafal Dunin-Borkowski;Bernd Kabius;Tom Kelly;Sergio Lozano-Perez;Amit Misra;Gregory S. Rohrer;Anthony D. Rollett;Mitra L. Taheri;Greg B. Thompson;Michael Uchic;Xun-Li Wang;Gary Was, “Towards an integrated materials characterization toolbox”, Journal of Materials Research, (2011)
  • ME Cox;DC Dunand, “Bulk gold with hierarchical macro-, micro- and nano-porosity”, Materials Science and Engineering a-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing, (2011)
  • Dunand, DC; Almer, JD; Haeffner, DR; Deymier-Black, AC, “Effect of freeze-thaw cycles on load transfer between the biomineral and collagen phases in bovine dentin”, Materials Science and Engineering: C, (2011)
  • Dunand, D.C.; Ye, B.; Matsen, M.R., “Finite-Element Modeling of Titanium Powder Densification”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, (2011)
  • AH Brothers;B Mangrich;M Cox;DC Dunand, “Effect of crystalline metallic particles on the compressive behavior of a cellular amorphous metal”, Scripta Materialia, (2011)
  • Dunand, D.; Yuan, F.; Singhal, A.; Deymier-Black, A.C.; Almer, J., “Creep Mechanisms in Bone and Dentin Via High-Energy X-ray Diffraction”, Time Dependent Constitutive Behavior and Fracture/Failure Processes, Volume 3, (2011)
  • Dunand, D.C.; Singhal, A.; Almer, J.D.; Haeffner, D.R., “High-energy X-ray Diffraction Measurement of Bone Deformation During Fatigue”, Time Dependent Constitutive Behavior and Fracture/Failure Processes, Volume 3, (2011)
  • Dunand, D.C.; Brinson, L.C.; Yuan, F.; Singhal, A.; Deymier-Black, A.C., “Modeling Creep and Fatigue Properties of Bone at Nanoscale Level”, Time Dependent Constitutive Behavior and Fracture/Failure Processes, Volume 3, (2011)
  • JA Scott;DC Dunand, “Processing and mechanical properties of porous Fe-26Cr-1Mo for solid oxide fuel cell interconnects”, Acta Materialia, (2010)
  • ML Young;F Casadio;J Marvin;WT Chase;DC Dunand, “AN ANCIENT CHINESE BRONZE FRAGMENT RE-EXAMINED AFTER 50 YEARS: CONTRIBUTIONS FROM MODERN AND TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES”, Archaeometry, (2010)
  • Dunand, D.C.; Kim, S.; Chen, Y.K.; Xiao, X.; Pfeifer, M., “Determination of porosity distribution in nanoporous Au by Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging”, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, (2010)
  • M Chmielus;C Witherspoon;RC Wimpory;A Paulke;A Hilger;XX Zhang;DC Dunand;P Mullner, “Magnetic-field-induced recovery strain in polycrystalline Ni-Mn-Ga foam”, Journal of Applied Physics, (2010)
  • B Ye;DC Dunand, “Titanium foams produced by solid-state replication of NaCl powders”, Materials Science and Engineering a-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing, (2010)
  • Dunand, D.C.; Seidman, D.N.; Monachon, C., “Multishell nanoparticles: Atomic-Scale Characterization of Aluminum-Based Multishell Nanoparticles Created by Solid-State Synthesis (Small 16/2010)”, Small, (2010)
  • AC DEYMIER-BLACK;JD ALMER;SR STOCK;DR HAEFFNER;DC DUNAND, “Synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of load partitioning during elastic deformation of bovine dentin”, Acta Biomaterialia, (2010)
  • ME KRUG;A WERBER;DC DUNAND;DN SEIDMAN, “Core-shell nanoscale precipitates in Al-0.06 at.% Sc microalloyed with Tb, Ho, Tm or Lu”, Acta Materialia, (2010)
  • B Ye;MR Matsen;DC Dunand, “Enhanced densification of Ti-6Al-4V powders by transformation-mismatch plasticity”, Acta Materialia, (2010)
  • KE Knipling;RA Karnesky;CP Lee;DC Dunand;DN Seidman, “Precipitation evolution in Al-0.1Sc, Al-0.1Zr and Al-0.1Sc-0.1Zr (at.%) alloys during isochronal aging”, Acta Materialia, (2010)
  • S Oppenheimer;DC Dunand, “Solid-state foaming of Ti-6Al-4V by creep or superplastic expansion of argon-filled pores”, Acta Materialia, (2010)
  • ... D Shoji, CJ Hansen, E Hong, DC Dunand ..., “Printed Origami Structures (Adv. Mater. 20/2010)”, Advanced ..., (2010)
  • BY Ahn;D Shoji;CJ Hansen;E Hong;DC Dunand;JA Lewis, “Printed Origami Structures”, Advanced Materials, (2010)
  • C Monachon;DC Dunand;DN Seidman, “Atomic-Scale Characterization of Aluminum-Based Multishell Nanoparticles Created by Solid-State Synthesis”, Small, (2010)
  • ME VAN DALEN;RA KARNESKY;JR CABOTAJE;DC DUNAND;DN SEIDMAN, “Erbium and ytterbium solubilities and diffusivities in aluminum as determined by nanoscale characterization of precipitates”, Acta Materialia, (2009)
  • M CHMIELUS;XX ZHANG;C WITHERSPOON;DC DUNAND;P MULLNER, “Giant magnetic-field-induced strains in polycrystalline Ni-Mn-Ga foams”, Nature Materials, (2009)

Department of Materials Science and Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering HomeContact Us | Maps
Northwestern Home | Northwestern Calendar | Emergency Plan | Legal and Policy Statements
© 2013 Robert R. McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science, Northwestern University